Italy has an “opportunity, because In 2024, we will be presidents of the G7. Among the activities, we intend to hold an international conference on the relationship between Artificial Intelligence AND Work: a question in which we must involve private actors, because building AI management is not about working against companies, but to dialogue with the private world in a world where public and private interests, and legitimate ones, do not always overlap and are sometimes in conflict”. This was posted on Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni, during the meeting Interdepartmental Commission for digital transition held at Palazzo Chigi.
“We have to prevent the gap between the rich and the poor from increasing, the middle class from disappearing and eventually the impact of artificial intelligence is more negative than positive on our lives and societies – explained the Prime Minister -. What the Holy See did, s Rome’s Call for the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence, a document for an ethical approach to artificial intelligence. Among our priorities is to make AI human-centered and human-controlled. We must work to create ethical barriers for artificial intelligence and to give a practical application to the concept of algorithmics, i.e. to give ethics to algorithms“.
A scenario between opportunities and risks
The Prime Minister Meloni clarified the reasons for convening the Commission, explaining that “it is appropriate for us to take stock of the tasks performed by the Government, as a whole and by its branches, to to respond to the enormous challenges posed by artificial intelligence, or rather artificial intelligence, since there are several of them that are applied in different ways and in many areas of our life. This is a topic that, as you know, runs through this first year of the Government and which I personally dealt with on various occasions and at the highest levels. I am thinking, for example, of the United Nations General Assembly, but also of the recent Artificial Intelligence Security Summit in London promoted by Prime Minister Sunak and the British government.” “Even in that context – he added – I remembered thatgenerative artificial intelligence can be considered as the greatest intellectual, practical and anthropological challenge of this age and probably not only this age. The application of this new technology can create great opportunities in many areas, but it also brings enormous risks. I also believe that it is easier for us to see opportunities than to foresee risks, and because we are faced with progress that moves very quickly and often exceeds the ability of politics to keep up.”
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Sector start-up fund
At the forefront of digital transition driven by artificial intelligence, Giorgio Meloni then he reminded that “a special support fund is being established startups Italians in the sector. In this respect I agree with Undersecretary Butti when he says that we must work on creating national champions in this area as well, in which we can be at the forefront, as long as we work on the production and industrial fabric, in order to be up to the challenge on a global level.”
A risk even for the most qualified professions
“We are facing – the prime minister further pointed out – a great revolution, different from those that preceded us, because of the speed and impact it can have on our lives and our societies, collectively understood. Artificial intelligence is changing the way we do things, just like what happened with electricity or the industrial revolution. But compared to the past, artificial intelligence envisions a world where progress does not optimize human capabilities, but replaces them. And if before this replacement was mainly related to physical work, so that people could devote themselves to conceptual work, now it is the intellect that risks being replaced, and this also concerns highly qualified workers. I believe that we would be exposing ourselves to enormous risks if we considered these areas to be free zones without rules. We risk having many people and experts in the world of work who will no longer be needed. We saw something similar with globalization that led to the verticalization of wealth and the suffering of an impoverished middle class. Lack of control over supply chains the fundamentals forced us to discover, when the shocks arrived, that there was an underestimation of the risks, for which we were therefore not prepared”.
Technology that guarantees competitive advantage between countries
“The arrival of artificial intelligence – explained the Prime Minister at the time – will inevitably have an impact on our democratic systems, the challenge will be to avoid interference in a world where it will not be easy to distinguish what is real from what is not. So artificial intelligence is destined to have a significant impact on geopolitical scenarios and current balances, simply because it is a technology that guarantees a competitive advantage to those who manage and use it. Just as it happened, and is still happening, for other technologies, starting with energy. History has taught us that the competition to gain that advantage and the differences between those who have achieved that advantage and those who have fallen behind can cause tension, if not outright conflict.”
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